UKIP: Parochialism, Prejudice and Patriotic Ultranationalism.

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Over the past four years, we have witnessed the political right using rhetoric that has increasingly transformed a global economic crisis into an apparently ethno-political one, and this also extends to include the general scapegoating and vilification of other groups and communities that have historically been the victims of prejudice and social exclusion: the poorest, the unemployed and the disabled. These far-right rhetorical flourishes define and portray the putative “outsider” as an economic threat. This is then used to justify active political exclusion of the constitutive Other.

The poorest have been politically disenfranchised. Politically directed and constructed cultural and social boundaries, exclusionary discourses and practices create and define strangers. In Zygmunt Bauman’s analysis of the Holocaust, the Jews became “strangers” par excellence  in Europe, the Final Solution was an extreme example of the attempts made by societies to excise the (politically defined) uncomfortable and indeterminate elements existing within them. Here in the UK, it’s evident that many citizens now feel like strangers in their own communities – they have been politically alienated. 

Definitions of citizenship and associated privileges have been reformulated and restricted here in the UK, and the current conservative neo-liberal framework of intensifying and aggressive competitive individualism is further motivated by far right reforms that embed Social Darwinism.

This has provided opportunity for UKIP to become established as a populist part of the mainstream political conversation, the Tory rhetoric, founded on social divisions and established hierarchy, has created a space for UKIP’s subversive“insurgency”.

UKIP has an extremist appeal that is based entirely on fear-mongering, and attempts to shape and perpetuate hatreds, social group phobias and deliberate attempts at further undermining social cohesion. UKIP try to make this extremely divisive approach somehow “respectable”, (by the frequent use of phrases such as “we say what many think”, “we speak our minds” and  “it’s not racist to be worried about too many people coming here” are used to attempt to normalise and justify what are actually very objectionable, prejudice-laden opinions, for example) whilst offering nothing at all that might improve our living conditions and quality of life.

UKIP is also manipulating an anti-politics, anti-establishment public mood. This is not just about gaining electoral success but in shifting the terms of debate. Farage admits that UKIP’s effect on the Tories is “psychological not numerical”. His success in this encourages the further right Tory backbenchers, encourages the populist strategies of Lynton Crosby, as it forces political and media focus on right wing concerns, like welfare and immigration. Boundaries are being pushed.  

UKIP utilises, amplifies and perpetuates an increasingly poisonous climate of distrust and cynicism. UKIP manipulate public views and in particular, they perpetuate a myth that politicians of all colours are an out of touch elite that is far removed from, and largely unconcerned with, the everyday struggles of “ordinary people.”

UKIP make the mistake of portraying the entire political class as pampered elitists,which is grossly inaccurate. Whilst it’s true that the Conservative party most certainly can claim aristocratic membership, the same isn’t true of the Labour party. Furthermore, Farage, an ex-Tory public school boy (and Miliband attended a comprehensive school), an ex-stockbroker, with offshore tax havens and an inclination for far right policy is hardly likely to be “in touch” with the man on the Clapham omnibus.

Although UKIP suffers from a chronic, persistent failure to appeal to three key groups of voters – women (because of the chauvinistic and anti-feminist views of Ukip members and politicians); young people (who find the party almost farcically out of touch with their own world-view) and ethnic minorities (because of its strident and emotive language about immigration) UKIP does represent something of a “blue-collar revolt”- its electoral base is “old, male, working class, white and less educated,” say academics Matthew Goodwin and Robert Ford.

This would explain the strong anti-intellectual prejudice. Anti-intellectualism is a dominant feature of far-right politics – especially authoritarianism, fascism and Nazism. 

10403497_472514972893769_324031577992330978_n Anti-intellectualism and inverted snobbery from the patriotic nationalist and racist Britain First site on Facebook

The conservatives have parochialised both explanations of and responses to the global economic crisis. Parochialism entails neglect of the interests of identified “outsiders”, and this kind of isolationist tendency has also provided a political platform for nationalism. 

Parochialism tends to support inter-group hostilities, and it tends to lead to violations of human rightsParochialism directly opposes a fundamental set of principles that constitute these rights: namely that all humans beings are of equal worth, and that human rights are universally applicable – they apply to everyone.

The alternative perspective is Social Darwinism, which is used to justify a hierarchy of entitlement to rights. Modern eugenics was rooted in the Social Darwinism of the late 19th century, with all its metaphors of fitness, competition, and rationalisations of inequality. For progressives, eugenics was a branch of the drive for social improvement or perfection that many reformers of the day thought might be achieved through the deployment of science to “good” social ends. Eugenics, of course, drew appreciable support from conservatives, concerned to prevent the “proliferation” of lower income groups and save on the cost of providing support for them.

The  progressives progressed. They ceased to believe that progress was about advancing the human race  by physical “improvement” – that kind of supremacist view was a product of its time – context bound by a cumulatively catastrophic zeitgeist. Progressives liberated themselves from the superficial characteristics and taxonomic ranking of human beings – the emphasis on “what” we are – and began to cherish “who” we are, delving into our human potential and celebrating our diversity as much as our individual equal worth.

Although eugenics programmes are usually associated with Nazi Germany, they could, and did, happen everywhere They focused on manipulating heredity or breeding to produce “better” people and on eliminating those considered biologically inferior. In the 1920s and 1930s eugenic sterilisation laws were passed in 24 of the American states, in Canada, and in Sweden. Here in the UK, Malthus saw overpopulation as the cause of misery and poverty, which was an element of Darwinism that contributed to the devaluing of human life due to its stress on the struggle for existence and competition for resources. 

Eugenic doctrines were criticised increasingly during the inter-war years, on scientific grounds and for their class and racial bias, and were attacked widely when the eugenics narrative and role in the holocaust was revealedHuman rights evolved in response to the Holocaust, to ensure that race genocide doesn’t happen again. Human rights are premised on the belief that all human lives are of equal value. That is why those rights apply to everyone, that was the whole point of them, and to exclude people on whatever basis from enjoying those rights is to stray onto a very dangerous slippery slope in terms of recognising the equal worth of other human beings. Again.

The concept of adaptation remains, and allows the right to claim that the rich and powerful are better adapted to the social and economic climate of the time, and the concept of natural selection perpetuates the supremacist argument that it is natural, normal, and proper for the strong to thrive at the expense of the weak. 

British and American imperialists employed the language of Social Darwinism to promote and justify Anglo-Saxon expansion and domination of other peoples. Such different personalities as Machiavelli, Sir Francis Bacon, Ludwig Gumplowicz, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini, each reasoning on different grounds, nevertheless arrived at similar conclusions. Imperialism to them is part of the natural struggle for survival. Those endowed with “superior” qualities are “destined” to rule all others. Imperialism has been morally excused as the means of liberating peoples from tyrannical rule or of bringing them the benefits of a “superior” way of life. Imperialism is all about human aggressiveness and greed, search for security, drive for power and prestige and nationalist emotions, amongst other things.

Nationalism is anti-progressive. It’s a paradigm of competitive individualism that further undermines principles of cooperation, equality and social cohesion. It’s also a recognisable symptom of the rise of fascism. The UKIP brand of Parish pump politics nurtures fear, spite and vilifies people on the basis of one of our most wonderful assets: our human diversity.

Ordinary people did not caused the financial crisis. The real culprits are sat untouched in mansions, making even more money from the “austerity” imposed on the most vulnerable, whilst too many comply with misdirected blame of their oppressed brothers and sisters, rather than a political elite that have deliberately engineered a prolonged recession in the UK. Conservative governments always do. Our current social hardships have been created by this government’s policies and not powerless immigrants, disabled people or the unemployed. These are people whose lives are being broken by an elite.

The answer to our problems isn’t making the rest of the world go away, it isn’t bigotry and “national pride” – we surely learned those are not tenable answers from the terrible consequences of Nazism. Dividing people by using blame and prejudice only weakens our opposition to oppression.

UKIP, however, have capitalised on the current government’s lack of clear, open and honest debate about why the UK has become more unequal and anomic (anomie – a sociological concept – is the breakdown of social bonds between an individual and the community resulting in fragmentation of social identity and rejection of self-regulatory values. This has been heightened by a significant discrepancy between conservative ideology – rhetorical values commonly professed – and what is real, actual and achievable in our everyday life).

UKIP have exercised a crass manipulation of the existentially destabilised: many people are confused and anxious about where they belong, where their country is heading, and why the current government won’t do anything about it. Of course Farage denies vigorously that in giving these anxieties a directed voice they are merely acting as outlets for prejudice and faux protest votes. But prejudice, protest and a politics of fear is nevertheless UKIP’s theme.

And farce. Like the UKIP councillor blamed the recent floods on the Government’s decision to legalise gay marriage. David Silvester said the prime minister had acted “arrogantly against the Gospel,” and God had punished the Thames Valley as a result. And John Sullivan, a UKIP candidate, explained that physical exercise in schools can “prevent homosexuality”.

Farage says he represents such “ordinary people”. As I stated earlier, he is an ex-Tory, a public school-educated former banker and stockbroker, whose policies will help him and his kind, maintaining the status quo, whilst presenting a fake challenge to the establishment. He set up a trust fund in an offshore tax haven, in a bid to avoid paying thousands of pounds in tax money. So UKIP are a “protest vote” for pretty much more of the same.

Farage claims he is the voice of “common sense”, whilst having allegiance with every kind of homophobic, wild conspiracy theorist, misogynist, racist, chauvinist , classist, peevish, vindictive and resentful inadequate. The only sense he and his followers seem to have in common is a fear of anyone who is not like them.

Farage disowned the entire 2010 UKIP manifesto – and not in the transparent manner of an honest politician admitting to past mistakes. Instead, he pretended he knew nothing of his party’s promises for a dress code for taxi drivers and a state-enforced repainting of the nation’s trains in traditional colours. Imagine if anyone else in public life said that a document they had put their name to, and claimed ownership of, was “drivel” and tried to avoid awkward questions by pretending that it had never been read. 

“Our traditional values have been undermined. Children are taught to be ashamed of our past. Multiculturalism has split our society. Political correctness is stifling free speech”, states the UKIP manifesto. Their “Pocket Guide to Immigration” promises to “end support for multiculturalism and promote one, common British culture”. After attracting some negative publicity, it has disappeared from here, but an archived version can be seen here.

Bigots quite often seem to use the freedom of speech plea to justify their prejudice. They say they have a right to express their thoughts. But speech is an intentional ACT. Hate speech is intended to do harm – it’s used purposefully to intimidate and exclude vulnerable groups. Hate speech does not “democratise” speech, it tends to monopolise it. Nor is it  based on reason, critical thinking or open to debate. Bigotry is a crass parody of opinion and free speech. Bigots are conformists – they tend not to have independent thought. It’s prejudice and Groupthink.

Being inequitable, petty or prejudiced isn’t “telling it like it is” – a claim which is an increasingly common tactic for the right, and particularly UKIP – it’s just being inequitable, petty or prejudiced.  And some things are not worth saying. Really. We may well have an equal right to express an opinion, but not all opinions are of equal worth. And UKIP do frequently dally with hate speech. Hate speech generally is any speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of e.g. race, religion, gender, disability, or sexual orientation. 

In law, hate speech is any speech, gesture or conduct, writing, or display which is forbidden because it may incite violence or prejudicial action against or by a protected individual or group, or because it disparages or intimidates a protected individual or group. Critics have argued that the term “hate speech” is a contemporary example of Newspeak, used to silence critics of social policies that have been poorly implemented in order to appear politically correctThis term was adopted by US conservatives as a pejorative term for all manner of attempts to promote multiculturalism and identity politics, particularly, attempts to introduce new terms that sought to leave behind discriminatory baggage attached to older ones, and conversely, to try to make older ones taboo.

“Political correctness” arose originally from attempts at making language more culturally inclusive. Critics of political correctness show a curious blindness when it comes to examples of conservative correctness. Most often, the case is entirely ignored or censorship of the Left is justified as a positive virtue. Perhaps the key argument supporting this form of linguistic and conceptual inclusion is that we still need it, unfortunately. We have a right-wing Logocracy, creating pseudo-reality by prejudicial narratives and words. We are witnessing that narrative being embedded in extremely oppressive policies and in their justification.

The negative impacts of hate speech cannot be mitigated by the responses of third-party observers, as hate speech aims at two goals. Firstly, it is an attempt to tell bigots that they are not alone. It validates and reinforces prejudice.

The second purpose of hate speech is to intimidate a targeted minority, leading them to question whether their dignity and social status is secure. In many cases, such intimidation is successful. Furthermore, hate speech is a gateway to harassment and violence. (See Allport’s scale of prejudice, which shows clearly how the Nazis used “freedom of speech” to incite hatred and then to incite genocide.)

As Allport’s scale indicates, hate speech and incitement to genocide start from often subtle expressions of prejudice. The dignity, worth and equality of every individual is the axiom of international human rights. International law condemns statements which deny the equality of all human beings.

Article 20(2) of the ICCPR requires states to prohibit hate speech. Hate speech is prohibited by international and national laws, not because it is offensive, but rather, because it amounts to the intentional degradation and repression of groups that have been historically oppressed.

The most effective way to diffuse prejudice is an early preventative approach via dialogue: education and debate. Our schools, media and public figures have a vital part to play in positive role-modelling, in challenging bigotry, encouraging social solidarity, respect for diversity and in helping to promote understanding and empathy with others.

Hate speech categories are NOT about “disagreement” or even offence. Hate speech doesn’t invite debate. It’s about using speech to intentionally oppress others. It escalates when permitted, into harassment and violence. We learn this from history, and formulated human rights as a consequence. UKIP would have us unlearn the lessons of the Holocaust so that people can say “I’m not being  racist, but…” or “It’s not wrong to say immigrants should be sent home…” and so on.

There are recognisable effects of Social Norms and conformity on Prejudice: Minard (1952) investigated how social norms influence prejudice and discrimination. The behaviour of black and white miners in a town in the southern United States was observed, both above and below ground.

Results: Below ground, where the social norm was friendly behaviour towards work colleagues, 80 of the white miners were friendly towards the black miners. Above ground, where the social norm was prejudiced behaviour by whites to blacks, this dropped to 20.

Conclusion: The white miners were conforming to different norms above and below ground. Whether or not prejudice is shown depends on the social context within which behaviour takes place. See also Milgram experiment on conformity – Milgram showed that people tend to conform, in groups and defer to authority even when it means behaving immorally. It’s very depressing reading, but it’s important to recognise the role of conformity and obedience in the genocides we’ve witnessed, and Allport’s work is also important here too. Asch came up with more optimistic results, showing that an objection from just one  person could change the behaviour of the group.

That’s our responsibility, surely.

UKIP are not simply a collective of classist, sexist, xenophobes and  homophobes: they are omniphobes. Political has been reduced to simplistic, crude dichotomies which provoke arguments instead of rational debate, the populist themes trade on fear, and fear provokes strongly emotive responses. You can’t reason with those, they don’t lend themselves well to rational discourse.

I am so appalled and horrified at the public stage that UKIP have gained, at how the right generally have pushed back our boundaries of decency and rationality and are cultivating prejudice and fear towards politically constructed Others, which share common themes with Nazi ideology, and worse, some people don’t see these terrifying connections. The poorest and most vulnerable are being turned into Outsiders by both the conservatives and UKIP. And that is NOT okay.

Farage demands that “We want our country back.” So do I. But my vision is very different to the shrunken patriotic neo-imperialism of Farage. No one hates his own country more that the resentful nationalist – and how they complain that  “Things ain’t what they used to be”.

My Country is multicultural, rich and diverse, it is one that has learned from history and evolved. It is founded on progress and civil rights movements, past battles of the oppressed fought and won – our hard-earned freedoms to be who we are without fear.

We have a government that reduces benefits so that poorly paid workers can feel a little better about being so poorly paid. It’s a government that is all about lowering standards, and crucially, our expectations, and our regard of each other. So much mean spirited resentment has been kindled and perpetuated by the Coalition amongst the oppressed, aimed at the oppressed.

I recognise political themes of oppression and repression, and it is NOT okay. How can anyone think it is?

This governments’ schadenfreude – motivation for the vindictive policies that we’ve seen this past 4 years, which target the most vulnerable citizens most of all, is debated. Some people believe that the policies are a consequence of a redistribution of wealth from the poorest to the wealthy rather than being malicious acts. But the Tories laughed on hearing the accounts of suffering of the poor because of the bedroom tax and the food banks in parliament, for all to see.

But entertaining the idea for a moment that the inflicted suffering isn’t a motivation but a consequence, well that would make the Government at the very least indifferent, callous and unremorseful, since they show a supreme lack of concern for the plight of those least able to defend themselves against injustice and inflicted poverty. Either way, I know evil when I see it, and this government ARE evil. The shock and anger at the recognition that all of those principles and beliefs we held dear – such as justice, fairness, democracy, freedom, Government accountability, equality (at least in terms of the worth of each life), institutionalised philanthropy – all trodden under foot by the Social Darwinist aristocratic elite in just 4 years. And the faith we each had in those collective ideals undermined by the constant perpetuation of divisive propaganda tactics from the right.

Dividing people by using blame and prejudice only weakens our opposition to oppression.

We must each take some responsibility and work to put right the terrible mistakes and inhumane acts that we’ve allowed to be written into our collective history. Our starting point must be founded on an Egalitarian doctrine that maintains that all humans are equal in fundamental worth and social status. We have to learn and evolve. If we remain silent and indifferent, that makes us complicit in evil.

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With big thanks to Robert Livingstone

We can forgive children who are afraid of the dark, the real tragedy of life is when men and women are afraid of the light.

Related

DEFINING FEATURES OF FASCISM AND AUTHORITARIANISM 

Nigel Farage schooldays letter reveals concerns over fascism

Techniques of neutralisation: Cameron says keep calm and carry on climbing Allport’s ladder

Winston McKenzie, organiser for UKIP, Croydon, defending normalisation and legitimisation of racism and racist language in the UK. Radio 4 PM, discussion with Sunny Singh; Friday May 23rd, 2014.

Remarkable linguistic bullying, from McKenzie and a Godwin’s law type of approach to the word ‘racism’, which UKIP seem to have adopted to shut down critical debate about racism. Racism and other forms of prejudice are normalised gradually, almost inscrutably and in stages, as Allport’s ladder demonstrated all too well as an explanation of how the Holocaust happened. Allport describes social processes, and how the unthinkable becomes acceptable, by a steady erosion of our moral and rational boundaries.   The prejudice happens on a symbolic level first – language – and it starts with subtlety, such as the use of phrases like ‘immigrants “swamping” our shores’ in the media, as part of political rhetoric and so on. Racists very seldom own up to being racists. They also quite often employ linguistic bullying strategies that makes challenging them very difficult. But as history has taught us, we must challenge them.

 

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36 thoughts on “UKIP: Parochialism, Prejudice and Patriotic Ultranationalism.

  1. “UKIP has an extremist appeal that is based entirely on fear-mongering”

    This was how the National Socialist German Workers Party got started, playing on fear-mongering and blame, blaming Jews & their big businesses, etc.

    How long will it be before Martin Niemöller’s words ring true here:

    First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out—
    Because I was not a Socialist.
    Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out—
    Because I was not a Trade Unionist.
    Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out—
    Because I was not a Jew.
    Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me

    Sound daft? Isn’t Theresa May trying to abolish the Human Right’s act in this country?And if we go out of Europe they’ll be no ECHR to appeal to. The vicious attack on the sick, disabled and jobless prove that the present govt can be vicious & heartless. Shami Chakrabarti (Liberty) said ‘we travelled a long way to get the human rights we have today, to lose them would be a travesty’ and I concede with her.

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    1. Doesn’t sound daft to me at all. I totally agree, and I’ve been quoting Martin Niemöller’s words for 2 years now. The Nazis killed disabled people first, and the Roma. They weren’t very keen on socialists, too. Human rights were agreed and established to ensure we never witness another Holocaust. What kind of government would want to opt out of human rights commitments? Spot on diane

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    2. Profound. I completely agree with you, although there is a debate that an argument becomes invalid whenever it resorts back to Hitler and the Holocaust simply because it is something no one can argue with – I do see the correlation though, so that is probably not the case here.

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      1. Godwin’s law isn’t applicable when there are real parallels with Nazism, and I drew ideological ones, showing social darwinism at the heart of both nazi and tory rhetoric and sociological ones using Allport’s scale. And it is something you can argue with, because people like Allport studied how the Holocaust happened, and that social process of how prejudice escalates to make the unthinkable acceptable happens in stages, and it’s often imperceptible to a society. That’s how propaganda works.

        In fact to cite Godwin’s law when the case is evidenced is a form of argumentum Ad Hominem.

        Godwin has stated that he introduced Godwin’s law in 1990 as an experiment in memetics, (mental content based on an analogy) he just wanted people to take care not to overuse the nazi analogy, especially where it’s inappropriate.

        Godwin’s law does not claim to articulate a fallacy, it was formulated to make you think about overusing an analogy

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      2. Well…it all depends how you see it. I think the analogy is overused more generally in everyday life, but this is a discussion about fascism after all 🙂

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  2. You have spent an awful long time spawning total and absolute garbage, try looking at what UKIP really stands for instead of looking at anti ukip web sites. Farage read the 2010 manifesto before binning it as garbage, so he knows exactly what was in it it, he didn’t write it but he did get rid of it so what are you still waffling on about it for?

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    1. I have looked closely at what UKIP stands for, researched it thoroughly, and this is my own analysis, drawing on my academic knowledge of social history, sociology, politics and psychology, and not from ‘anti-UKIP web sites’. You don’t offer any alternative views, or discussion here, just the irate ranting and usual personal insults that UKIP supporters tend to resort to every time, due to their lack of capacity to engage in debate and dialogue, and to think critically rather than the usual knee jerk emotive – and usually nasty – responses.

      The Manifesto being read or unread is the very least of your problems. The article lays out the fascistic nature of UKIP, and the implications of UKIP’s core values. They are horrific. The parallels with Nazism are plain, I used Allport’s study – and he had never heard of UKIP nor has he written on anti-UKIP sites – to show how prejudice escalates incrementally and what the terrible consequences are if we remain complicit with this and allow the steady erosion of our moral boundaries. I used other established social psychology research, too, to lend evidence to my line of reasoning. Prejudice is a process that escalates and it starts with people like you targeting and scapegoating a social group – migrants – and blaming them for how things are. The next stage involves advocating fewer rights for that group – discrimination. This is how the Holocaust happened, it began with stages of making the unthinkable somehow acceptable via propaganda and public compliance.

      You clearly have no concern about the consequences of such a thuggish brand of fascism, the growth and increasing acceptance of prejudice, or the implications of that. You lack good manners and the ability to engage critically, meaningfully, relevantly or thoughtfully, so don’t post any more comments on my site. Thanks

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  3. Wonderfully written article, had to refer to the oxford dictionary many times to help understand some of the words, Kitty you are a bloody genius.

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    1. Thanks. I try and put hyperlinks on some of the sociological or social psychological terms to help, I know its easy to get immersed in the language and meaning of the subjects you specialised in, but that’s no good if people don’t know what you are talking about. I hope I get the balance right, anyway.

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  4. I concede with kitty: I have a MA in C20th History (majoring in post WWI politics) and sadly I can see a parallel with the German The Nazi party & present UK politics. The Nazi Party wouldn’t have got into power were it not for:

    The Great Depression: extreme right wing parties surfaced with fanatical ideologies (todays parallel: it’s the “skivers'” – benefit claimants’ – fault that the bankers’ caused the recession)

    Nationalism: The present recession is the “fault” of immigrants’ and the vulnerable (benefit claimants’) & NOT the banking fraternity, ask the disabled about the vicious attack launched on them, causing nearly 11 thousand KNOWN deaths. In Germany there was similar attacks that descended into eugenics aka genocide, starting with the most vulnerable.

    The loss of Human Rights & representation: We are heading for the same Enabling Act that affected Germany in 1933. We are already half way there, with no legal aid for the poor and Theresa May wants the abolish the Human Rights act.

    It is scary the road we’re going down and for the first time in my 57 years of life, I fear living in the UK!

    n.b. if anyone doesn’t know anything about the Enabling Act of 1933, please look it up & see the parallel for yourself.

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  5. P.S I forgot to say: my University’s motto is ‘Knowledge is Power’ and more and more those words hold more import, because many are just going to be lambs to the slaughter.

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  6. My last comment posted before I could edit it fully, so I figured I would leave another.

    You hit the nail right on the head with this post and I am well impressed (not that that means anything from a total stranger). The fact that the UK could go UKIP is terrifying. Didn’t the whole plot to “V for Vendetta” start when Russia caused a tiff in the EU and then an uber-conservative fascist state took over the running of England? Terrifying.

    So to sum up, UKIP bad, Hitler worse, Alan Moore psychic.

    On another note, you may want to read this, or not. I don’t want to openly plug it (because who likes it when people do that?) but it is a blog on why, as a young adult (well, 22), I should vote but don’t want to because voting is no longer a right.

    http://iamnotthebatman.wordpress.com/2014/05/11/voting/

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    1. I propose you read up on labour’s policies after reading that Luke, as there are huge differences between the two main parties. It’s because people keep writing the same uninformed sound bites and propaganda that people come to believe the ‘allthesame’ rubbish.

      If they were all the same, why do conservative supporters never vote labour, or labour supporters vote tory? And why do labour challenge every tory policy, why is Cameron so sneering and set against Miliband? The media is complicit in this propaganda, but I suspect Lynton Crosby and Nigel Farage are the main perpetrators.

      It’s time people learned to think for themselves and take responsibility to inform themselves.

      Here are some fundamental differences between the two main parties – https://kittysjones.wordpress.com/2012/10/15/political-parties-they-are-not-all-as-bad-as-each-other-at-all/

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  7. Brilliantly written article…just one query though. Do you not think thayt our current politcal powers are extremely more facist in practise, compared to anything in ukips proposed manifesto?
    You obviously are well read and educated and the inclusion of topics like social Darwinism and the acknowledgement of eugenics rather than referring to those as ‘conspiracy theories taken out of context’ impressed and ensured me enough to see you are giving a fair balanced and unbiased view on this, but to me it seems as valid as your points are, put current leaders are already practising and promoting fascism, defined at the merger of corporations and government, which farage seems to be against, and david Cameron did defend the bank bailouts and always seems to happily go along with the lobbying destroying our country and favouring the corporations.
    I agree with nearly all of what you have said apart from not seeing the part about facism. If we stay on Europe and are forced into agenda twenty one we will all be living in a neo feudal age which is my main worry about giving up our sovereignty to europe.
    Thanks in advance

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  8. I would say UKIP are even worse than Nazis, as while Nazis were evil to Jews, they were national socialist and put money into creating decent jobs, housing, education etc. Most UKIP candidates are ex-Tory capitalists, who only don’t want to be in the EU because it’s stopping them treating average British people badly for their corporate donors. Why would people that were part of a party that created millions of unemployed to turn us into a banking nation that relies on everybody being in debt, which crashes after a few years when nobody can pay it back, to keep throwing money at failing bankers instead of ordinary workers, suddenly start caring about British people?

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